Explanation of the Water Cycle and Its 4 Stages
One of the best ways to maintain water quality is through the water cycle. The water cycle is a stage that must be passed in order to produce good-quality water. To be able to get it, it takes the role of humans in preserving nature.
The water cycle is a filtering process that water must pass through so that it is free from harmful chemicals. The water cycle process takes a very long time, starting from the process of removing oil content and other large particles in the water, the filtration process to filter out harmful sediments, the process of removing harmful chemical content in water, to the sterilization process which makes water safe for use. Reused.
So that you can understand the process of the water cycle, this article will discuss:
- Know the Water Cycle
- Stages of the Water Cycle
- Removing Oil Content
- Filtration Process
- Eliminate Chemical Elements
- Sterilization Process
- The Importance of Saving Water
- Benefits of Water
- The Importance of Saving Water
- Matters That Can Affect or Hinder Water Recycling
1. Know the Water Cycle
Water is one of the most important and primary things for the survival of living things. Without water, no living things in this world can continue to live, grow and develop. The amount of clean water available in the world is also very limited so its use cannot be done haphazardly and must be calculated as much as possible in its use.
One way that can be done so that water is not wasted and can be reused is through a water cycle process. Reporting from Appropedia, the water recycling process is a process of changing the quality by means of processing that converts wastewater or wastewater into clean water that can be used for a variety of different purposes.
This recycled water can be used for various needs and at the same time can save on clean water usage. For example, below are some of the uses and uses of recycled water:
- Recycled water can be used for irrigation watering. Irrigation requires large amounts of water, so it would be better to use recycled water as a form of savings.
- This water can also be used as water in toilets in offices that have a large scale so as not to use too much clean groundwater.
- Large-scale industries that require water in their manufacturing processes can also utilize recycled water and avoid using clean water as a measure to reduce water pollution and damage to existing ecosystems.
- Places for washing cars and motorbikes must also use recycled water and not use groundwater. Wastewater from washing vehicles will carry soap and other harmful chemical compounds that can contaminate the soil and drastically reduce the clean water in it.
Water as a source of life should not be underestimated. Especially if you are looking for housing, pay attention to water quality when buying a house.
2. Stages of the Water Cycle
The recycling process can take place naturally and slowly, namely through manual filtration such as when water enters the soil and is filtered naturally. The natural process of filtering and recycling water is very good, but if the soil has started to be polluted, you need another water cycle process that you have to do. Below are some stages of the water cycle that are carried out directly by humans as reported by PurifAid:
a) Removing Oil Content
The initial filtration process that must be carried out is to filter and remove the oil content in the water. Oil has a different density than water and can carry lots of harmful particles in it.
The process of separating oil from water is also quite easy to do because water has a different weight than oil, so the disposal steps are not too complicated.
b) Filtration Process
After the oil is removed from the water completely, then it can go through the filtration process. One of the best water filtration processes that is most often used is by spraying high-pressure water through small and dense sand to remove large particles in the water.
The next filtration process is that water will be put into 3 stages of filtering to remove sedimentation content down to 1 micron in size. This filter is very useful for removing other content that has a large size so that the water becomes clearer.
c) Removing Chemical Elements
Wastewater contains a lot of harmful chemical elements that cannot simply be removed through a simple filtration process. The next process that must be carried out is to remove the chemical content in the water.
The process of removing chemical content in water uses detergents that are environmentally friendly and can bind chemical substances and make them easier to separate. The process of removing these chemical elements needs to be done very carefully so as not to produce toxic water which is very dangerous for the environment.
d) Sterilization Process
The process of water sterilization is generally carried out when the water will be used for consumption and used as drinking water. However, this sterilization process is now the standard and every water has to go through the process to ensure its safety.
The water sterilization process can use the method of mixing with chlorine, which is very effective for cleaning large amounts of water. There is also a sterilization process that uses Ultraviolet light to remove harmful pathogens in water and makes the water safe for direct consumption.
3. The Importance of Saving Water
As previously mentioned, without water, all activities on this earth would not be able to take place at all. Water has a very important role for all aspects of life and holds a key to the sustainability of this world.
a) Benefits of Water
Water has many benefits for life. No living thing can survive long without using water at all. Water is very helpful and useful for various things, from being consumed by humans and other living things, to the process of planting plants which can later be consumed again by us.
b) The Importance of Saving Water
Along with the increasing number of developing industries, the soil conditions are increasingly polluted. Polluted soil automatically makes the available water supply less and less and the quality of the water will continue to decrease.
Saving water is a very good way to keep the existing groundwater clean and the amount will not continue to decrease.
c) Things That Can Affect or Hinder Water Recycling
It turns out that the water recycling process can experience problems or experience obstacles. Not all water can be processed back into water that is suitable for use. If the water is polluted in very high quantities, the water cycle process will take much longer and require a lot of money.
That’s an article about the water cycle that can be useful for you. Be sure to continue to limit the use of water and avoid littering because this process can pollute the water in the ground and cause damage.
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